Displaced Persons -

Books about DP Camps in Europe


1) The refugee experience: Ukrainian displaced persons after World War II, edited by W. W. Isajiw, Y. Boshyk, R. Senkus. Edmonton: Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies, 1992. ISBN 0920862853. The bibliography and notes will lead you to other sources.

2) Ukrainians during World War II: history and its aftermath: a symposium, edited by Y. Boshyk [with R. Waschuk and A. Wynnyckyj], Edmonton: Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies, 1986. (Canadian library in Ukrainian studies), ISBN 0920862372.

3) Political refugees and 'displaced persons', 1945-1954: a selected bibliography with special reference to Ukrainians, by Y. Boshyk and Boris Balan. Edmonton: CIUS, 1982. (Occasional research reports - CIUS, no. 2.)

4) Searching for the Place Ukrainian Displaced Persons, Canada, and the Migration of Memory, 2000

    "Canada was not in a welcoming mood when Ukrainian displaced persons and other refugees began immigrating after the Second World War. In this compelling and richly documented account, Lubomyr Luciuk maps the established Ukrainian Canadian communityís efforts to rescue and resettle refugees, despite public indifference and the hostility of political opponents in Canada and abroad. He explores the often divisive impact that this third wave of nationalistic refugees had on organized Ukrainian Canadian society, and traces how this diasporaís experiences of persecution under the Soviet and Nazi regimes in occupied Ukraine, and their subsequent hiving together in the cauldrons of the postwar DP camps, underlay the shaping of a shared political worldview that would not abate, despite decades in exile." Professor Paul Robert Magocsi, FRSC, Chair of Ukrainian Studies, University of Toronto

    Phone 1-800-565-9523 or fax 1-800-221-9985 (toll-free within Canada & USA).
    Outside Canada &USA, call: 1-416-667-7791 or fax 1-416-667-7832).

      Dr Lubomyr Luciuk
      Dept. of Politics & Economics
      The Royal Military College of Canada
      Kingston, Ontario, Canada, K7K 7B4
      Tel: (613)541-5010, ext 6390
5) Displaced Persons in Australien, den USA und Kanada 1946 - 1952. Text in German.

6) An Army in Exile, by Gen. W. Anders, Commander - Second Polish Corp in Italy, is a journal of imprisonment in Stalin's Red Army. Released when Russia became America's ally against the Nazis, Gen. Anders formed a Polish army in Russia consisting mainly of the deportees that Russia had in concentrations camps in Siberia. After fighting side by side with the Americans and British in Italy, they were betrayed by the allies and their country handed over to the Soviets after the war. General Anders writes:

    "I tried to assess the real figure of Polish citizens deported in 1939-41, but it was extremely difficult. After many months of research and enquiries among our people who were pouring from thousands of prisons and concentrations camps spread all over Russia, we were able to put the numbers at l,500,000 - l,600,000 people. Statistics obtained afterward from Poland confirmed these figures. But unfortunately, it was clear that most of these poor people were no longer alive. God only knows how many of them were murdered, and how many died under the terrible conditions of the prisons and forced labor camps."

7) The Grand Alliance and Ukrainian Refugees by Professor Marta Dyczok excerps from her book (2000; ISBN 0-312-23192-X).

8) God's Playground: A History of Poland Professor Norman Davies, author of the internationally acclaimed, two-volume study, (Oxford University Press, 1981)

    In reference to war losses, he has recently reviewed the various claims made about deaths during WW2. He calculates that approximately 5 million Jews died in the war, compared with 5 million ethnic Poles and as many as 11 million Ukrainians. Access to Soviet archives is denied to western scholars for the time being.

9) KNYHA PAM'IATI UKRAINY has subtitles naming the oblast. In most cases the family names are listed alphabetically by oblast, then by raion, then by village. The books are in Ukrainian or Russian; some volumes are available from Ukrainian bookstores (or Edmonton Bookstore), at an average price of $40 ea.

10) Language of Mules by John Guzlowski. Email jzguzlowski@eiu.edu A sample of John's poems are on the Slave camps page of this site.

11) DPs Europe's Displaced Persons, 1945-1951 by Mark Wyman, Balch Inst. Press, Philadelphia, 1989.

12) Vom Zwangsarbeiter zum Heimatlosen Auslaender, Die Displaced Persons in Westdeutschland 1945 - 1951, by Wolfgang Jacobmeyer, Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Goettingen 1985.

13) Die Displaced Persons' in Deutschland 1945 -1952 by Jacobmeyer, Wolfgang. In: Bremisches Jahrbuch, Bd. 59. Staatsarchiv Bremen, Bremen, 1981, S. 85 - 108.

14) Victims of Yalta, by Nikolai Tolstoy, London 1979.

15) The Last Secret: Forcible Repatriation to Russia, 1944-1947,by Nicholas Bethell, London 1976.

16) European Refugees, 1939-1952: A study in forced population movement, by Malcolm J. Proudfoot, Faber and Faber LTD, London 1957.

17) Stalin's Ethnic Cleansing in Eastern Poland by Eric J. Whittle, Preston, May 1999.

18) Displaced Persons in Hamburg. Stationen einer halbherzigen Integration, 1945 bis 1958, by Patrick Wagner, Dölling und Galitz, Hamburg 1997.

19) Bremen - Bremerhaven - New York, 1683- -1960 by Arno Armgort, Steintor, Bremen, 1991.

20) Pawns of Yalta. Soviet refugees and America's role in their repatriation, by Mark R. Elliott, Urbana / London 1982.

21) Bremen hat Zuzugssperre. Vertriebene und Flüchtlinge nach dem Krieg in Bremen, Klaus J. Bade, (Hrsg.). Aschenbeck, Nils, Edition Temmen, Bremen, 1998.

22) Deutsche im Ausland - Fremde in Deutschland Migration in Geschichte und Gegenwart, Beck München, 1992.

23) Der Blick auf die Fremden im veroeffentlichten Diskurs: Fluechtlinge in Bremen in der Nachkriegszeit, by Christiane Harzig.

24) The International Refugee Organization: a specialized agency of the United Nations; its history and work 1946 - 1952 by Louise W. Holborn, Oxford University Press, London, 1956.

25) Von hier aus ging es nach Übersee, Die Geschichte des Auswandererverschiffungslagers Lesum (1950 - 1962) by Brigitte Jorek and Thomas Klink, Hrsg. Vom Arbeitersamariterbund OV-Nord, Bremen, 1990.

26) Die Auswanderung über Bremen und Bremerhaven nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg, by Engelbert Klugkist, in Bremisches Jahrbuch, Bd. 70. Staatsarchiv Bremen, Bremen, 1991, S. 181-190.

27) Inventar der Quellen zur Geschichte der Wanderung, besonders der Auswanderung, by Peter Marschalck, in Bremer Archiven. Veröffentlichungen aus dem Staatsarchiv der Freien Hansestadt Bremen, Nr. 53, Bremen, 1986.

28) Zwangsarbeiter in Bremen während des Zweiten Weltkrieges (Forced workers in Bremen during the Second World War) by Inge Marssolek, Bremen, 1986.

29) Die deutsche Amerikaauswanderung nach 1945 by Karin Nerger-Focke, Rahmenbedingungen und Verlaufsformen. Akademischer Verlag, Stuttgart, 1995.

30) Fremdarbeiter, Displaced Persons, Heimatlose Ausländer by Michael Pegel, Konstanten eines Randgruppenschicksals in Deutschland nach 1945, LIT, Münster, 1997.

31) Displaced Persons by Karin Schindler, In: Knauf Diethelm und Schröder, Helga (Hrsg.). Fremde in Bremen. Auswanderer, Zuwanderer, Zwangsarbeiter. Edition Temmen, Bremen, 1993.

32) Migration und Politik. Westdeutschland - Europa - übersee 1945-1961, Steinert, Johannes-Dieter, Secolo, Osnabrück, 1995.

33) Flüchtlingssituation und Flüchtlingspolitik, by Uwe Weiher, Untersuchungen zur Eingliederung der Flüchtlinge in Bremen 1945-1961. Staatsarchiv Bremen, Bremen, 1998.

34) From Liberator to Guardian: The U.S. Army and Displaced Persons in Munich, 1945. by Otto Bedrich Burianek, Emory University, 1992. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan, 1992.

    "An account of the U.S. Army's role in postwar Germany. Chapters cover the Western Allies work in the liberation, rehabilitation, and repatriation of DPs, as well as the role that the UNRRA played in the DPs lives. Also included are maps, tables, and statistics on repatriation, population, and nationality distributions of the DP camps."
35) Foreigners in the Postwar Period: Displaced Persons - Compulsory DPs - in Stuttgart and Wuerttemberg-Baden 1945-1951, by Ulrich Muller, Stuttgart: Klett-Cotta, 1990. (German text)
    This book tells the story of the DPs in postwar Stuttgart and Wuerttemberg-Baden, as seen through the eyes of German authorities. Muller is mainly concerned with the effect of the DPs on the German population and postwar economy, including aspects such as the confiscation by Allied forces of German houses for the housing of DPs, and reputed lawlessness on the part of mainly Polish DPs. Additional themes include the argument that many DPs voluntarily came to Germany or were German collaborators or sympathizers who were afraid to return to their homelands. Also discussed is the relationship between the Baltic DPs and Germany.
36) St. Ottilen DP camp, Ein Ort Wie Jeder Andere Bilder aus einer Deutschen Kleinstadt Landsberg 1923-1958. Paulus, Martin, Edith Raim, and Gerhard Zelger. Reinbek: Rowohlt Taschenbuch Verlag GmbH, 1995. (German)
    "A compilation of photographs of the small German town of Landsberg, this book guides the reader through the history of the town between the years 1923-1958. The photographs begin with the idyllic town and move through the Nazi years of war and destruction, ending in the formation of the second largest DP camp in the American zone of occupation."
37) Background Summary: Displaced Persons,U.S. Department of State, Office of Public Affairs. Foreign Affairs, 1948.

    "This work is designed to help outsiders understand the DP problem. It begins by breaking apart some of the common stereotypes of DPs in general and goes on to describe who the DPs actually were, giving statistics about their nationalities, religions, ages, and skills. The document also describes the care required for the maintenance of the DP camps. It lists the organizations that helped support DP camps, as well as problems in the camps. The work concludes with a discussion of the fate of the camps and suggested courses of action for dealing with immigration and repatriation. "

38) Polenlager Jägerslust, Polnische Displaced Persons in Schleswig-Holstein 1945 bis 1949,
    (translation Polish camp a Jaegerslust, Polish Displaced Persons in Schleswig-Holstein 1945 until 1949) by Karsten Dölger, Neumünster 2000. Book dealing with the Polish DP camp in the nothernmost part of Germany. It contains information about many other DP camps. Karsten Doelger / Germany

39) Epstein, Julius Operation Keelhaul, Old Greenwich, CT: Devin-Adair, 1973. 255 p. D805A2E6.

40) U.S. Dept of Army. Office, Chief of Psychological Warfare. "Refugees and Displaced Persons in Europe." Report by retired French general, Jun 1953. 6 p. JX4292R4R43.

41) U.S. Dept of State. The Displaced Persons Problem: A Collection of Recent Official Statements. Wash, DC: GPO, 1947. 25 p. D808D57.

42) A documentary on the concentration camps in Schwebisch Hall. Koziol, Michael Sylvester. Library Stacks Rustung, Krieg und Sklaverei: der Fliegerhorst Schwabisch Hall-Hessental und das Konzentrationslager: eine Dokumentation. Sigmaringen: J. Thorbecke, 1989. UG635.G32 F556 1989

43) "DP's Are People!" Committe on Displacd Persons - Church World Service

44) Between The Fences Inside a U.S. Immigration Camp by: Tony Hefner

This is an insider's view of the tyranny and corruption in the largest INS detention camp in the United States. Depositions, interviews and news articles document the accuracy of this shocking true story. Toll free number (888) 280-7715
www.torchlake.com/hefner




45) In Their Words: A Genealogist's Translation Guide Volume II: Russian by Jonathan D. Shea and William F. Hoffman

    . a 77-page vocabulary with over 4,000 entries, featuring archaic terms and spellings most likely to be found in records but rarely included in modern dictionaries
    . a 26-page list of over 700 Christian and Jewish given names with equivalents in English, Latin, Lithuanian, and Polish . plus lots more
46) A Handbook of Czechoslovak Genealogical Research, by Daniel M. Schlyter. (GenUn, 1985, 1990). 131 pages. ($15). ISBN 0-912811-06-4. {Excellent in-depth guide to research, detailing record types, archival addresses, microfilms available, translation helps, etc.}. OUT OF PRINT. A revised version, entitled A Handbook of Czech and Slovak Genealogical Research is planned.

47) Where She Came From: A Daughter's Search for Her Mother's History by Helen Epstein, ISBN: 0452280184, 336pp, Pub. date: October 1998 Publisher: Dutton/Plume.

48) The Education and Reeducation of POW 31G-23742357 by Wolfgang D. Schmidt. 312 pages 1 edition (March 26, 2001).

49) Jüdische DP Camps in Franken 1945-1949 (about Jewish DP camps in Bavaria), by Jim G. Tobias, ISBN 3-9806636-3-9. www.antogo-verlag.de

50) Das war nicht nur 'Karneval im August', Das Internierungslager Biberach an der Riss 1942-1945 Geschichte-Hintergründe by Reinhold Adler; ISBN 3-9806818-2-3; edited by the Municipal Archives Biberach / Riss in co-operation with the Historical Society Biberach (Biberach Historical Studies Vol 6), pp.320, 29 photos, 9 tables. Available at the Biberach Archives and as well as http://www.biberach-riss.de

    Information about UNRRA camp 10 team 209 Jordanbad near Biberach/Riss can be found on pp. 245-250

51) A real situation: the story of adult migrant education in Australia 1947 to 1970 by Carrington, Lois; Canberra: Tara. 1997. Lois Carrington

52) Sonya's mob: the life and times of a Polish-Australian family. Lois and George Carrington. Canberra: Tara, 1996.

53) Zbirnyk Ukrains'koi himnazii v Ashaffenburzi. (a collection of articles about the Ukrainian Gymnazium in Aschaffenburg. Compiler Bohdan Boychuk. Kyiv, Published by the Committee of Former Students of the Aschaffenburg Gymnazium, 1993. 207 p., avail. at Shevchenko Scientific Society Library.

    This book is written in Ukrainian. It contains articles about Aschaffenburg student life, organizations, teachers and history of this institution which existed in post-war Germany. Includes many photographs.
54) Regensburg: Articles and Documents on the History of Ukrainian Emigration in Germany after World War 2. Editor Omelian Kushnir. New York, Paris,etc. 1985. 684 p. Part of the Shevchenko Scientific Society Ukrainian Archive Series, vol.40. Written in Ukranian. Contains many photographs. Summaries in English, German and French. Avail. at Shevchenko Scientific Society Library.

55) Mittenwald 1946-1951: commemorating the 50th Anniversary of the Ukrainian Displaced Persons Camps in MIttenwald, Germany. Warren, Michigan. Published by the Society of Former Residents of the DP Camps in Mittenwald, Germany, 2001. 753 p. In Ukrainian and English. Contains numerous photographs. Avail. at Shevchenko Scientific Society Library.

56) Hearken Then Judge by Juozas Pasilaitis, Patria Tüingen, J.P. Steinkopf, Stuttgart, Germany, date?

    This small booklet chronicles the occupation of Lithuania, the shattered lives of the Lithuanian people, their life in dp camps and their migration. From the Lithuanian perspective and written in English.
57) United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Agency. Summary of Displaced Persons Population: UNRRA Assembly Centers in the United States Zone 24 August 1946. Statistics and Reports Branch, UNRRA Headquarters, U.S. Zone.
    This text is a copy of the statistical UNRRA report on the DP camps administered by that relief agency. In graph form, the report provides primary data about many features of DP camp management, including DP population figures, relief team numbers, camp locations, assembly center numbers, camp names and capacities, and the precise dates that information was recorded in August 1946. The statistics also chart the DP population by ethnicity. (Available at the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum Library and major research libraries.)
58) United States Department of State, Office of Public Affairs. Foreign Affairs Background Summary: Displaced Persons. 1948. Available at the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum Library)
    "This work is designed to help outsiders understand the DP problem. It begins by breaking apart some of the common stereotypes of DPs in general and goes on to describe who the DPs actually were, giving statistics about their nationalities, religions, ages, and skills. The document also describes the care required for the maintenance of the DP camps. It lists the organizations that helped support DP camps, as well as problems in the camps. The work concludes with a discussion of the fate of the camps and suggested courses of action for dealing with immigration and repatriation. "
59) Crimes and Mercies (1997) James Bacque describes how he confronted New York Times reporter Drew Middleton with evidence that after the war, the U.S. starved to death over one million German POWs.
    "What Middleton told me basically was that, yes, he had lied in 1945 and no, it did not matter to him or the New York Times if I exposed this." "Middleton's sense of security, his sense of the New York Times' power, took my breath away", Bacque writes. "But worse than that, Middleton did not care about this atrocity... the New York Times witnessed it, then denied that it happened. And has gone on denying it into the 1990's."

    Bacque estimates that, during the Allied Occupation (1946-1950) an additional eight to twelve million Germans were deliberately starved to death. The war did not end in 1945. For five additional years, Germany was subjected "physical and psychic trauma unparalleled in history."

60) The Righteous: The Unsung Heroes of the Holocaust by Martin Gilbert, published by Henry Holt and Company, www.henryholt.com New York, NY, 2003. First American edition, 2003. 529 pp., xxvi
    Martin Gilbert writes: "Yad Vashem has recognized 1,755 Ukrainians--inhabitants of present-day post-Communist Ukraine--as Righteous Among the Nations." (p. 24).

    Meanwhile, "seventy-nine Russians have been recognized by Yad Vashem as Righteous Among the Nations." (p. 26).

    Some of the entries from the index:
    Sheptitsky, Father Ihumen: helps a Jew in hiding, p. 37.
    Sheptitsky, Metropolitan Andreas: an appeal to, pp. 36-37.
    Sheptitsky, arranges hiding places, p.37.
    Sheptitsky, mourned, p.41.
    Ukrainian Catholic Church: appeal, pp.36-37.
    Ukrainians: and collaboration: pp. xix, 2, 61, 63, 64, 67;
    'bestiality' of: pp. xix;
    acts of rescue by: pp. 9, 13, 15-16, 24-26, 54, 55-56, 63-64;
    hostility of: pp. 9-10, 55;

    'humanitarian' acts by: pp.130;
    and a 'decent Gentile': p. 406.

    The index also contains the names of Ukrainians who rescued Jews.

61) Baltic Refugees and Displaced Persons 1947, Published by Boreas Publishing Co. Ltd., Corinthian Press, London.

62) The Baltic Refugees in Sweden - A Successful Experiment by Prof. N. Kaasik, Stockholm 1947.

63) Stanislaw Mikolajczk,The Pattern of Soviet Domination, London 1948, p.111.

64) Ukrainians in Romania Ukrainian Dialects in Romania: Dialectical Texts
by Nicolae Pavliuc and Ion Robciuc
http://www.utoronto.ca/cius/publications/books/ukrainiandialectsinromania.htm
The second part of the book encompasses materials from 32 Ukrainian villages, including taped conversations of dialectal speech made between 1962-1965. The texts offer interesting data for dialectology as well as for sociolinguistic, ethnographic, and folklore studies.

65) Against Their Will, The History and Geography of Forced Migrations in the USSR by Pavel Polian

    "During his reign over USSR, Joseph Stalin oversaw the forced resettlement of people by the millions--a maniacal passion that he used for social engineering. The Soviets were not the first to thrust resettlement on their population but in terms of sheer numbers, technologies used to deport people and the lawlessness which accompanied it, Stalin's process was the most notable. Six million people of different social and ethnic background and professions were resettled before Stalin's death. Contents range from the early 1920s to the rehabilitation of repressed nationalities in the1990s, dealing with internal (kulaks, ethnic and political deportations) and international forced migrations (German internees and occupied territories).
      CEU PRESS
      Website: http://www.ceupress.com
      E-mail: ceupress@ceu.hu
66) Genealogical Gazetteer of Galicia by Brian J. Lenius
    http://www.lenius.ca/GazetteerOrder/GazetteerOrderForm.htm His gazetteer (3rd Edition) is without a doubt the best for Galicia, as it includes more than a simple list of village locations. It includes among other things, data from various church shematisms (Greek Catholic, Roman Catholic, Evangelical) and Jewish synagogue locations. The gazetteer is NOT available on-line. He spent thousands of hours of research to compile the gazetteer. It's around $40.00 US.

67) A Woman in Amber by Agate Nesaule, by Penguin Books. ISBN: 1-56947-046-4 (hard copy). ISBN: 0 14 02.6190 7 (paperback).

68) Walking since daybreak by Modris Eksteins. A story of Eastern Europe, World War II, and The Heart of our Country, by Houghton Mifflin Co. ISBN: 0-395-93747-7 (hard copy). ISBN: 0-618-08231-X (paperback).

69) Milk and Honey - but No Gold by Nonja Peters, published by the University of Western Australia Press, 2001; covers postwar migration to Western Australia 1945-1964.

70) Jewish Displaced Persons titles:

    Angelika Koenigseder / Juliane Wetzel, Lebensmut im Wartesaal. Die jüdische DPs (Displaced Persons im Nachkriegsdeutschland), Frankfurt a. Main 1994 (Fischer Taschenbuch Verlag)

    English edition: Angelika Koenigseder / Juliane Wetzel, Waiting for Hope. Jewish Displaced Persons in Post-World War II Germany, Evanston /Ill. 2001 (Northwestern University Press)

    Juliane Wetzel, Jüdisches Leben in München 1945-1951, München 1987 (Miscellanea Bavarica Monacensia)

    Angelika Koenigseder , Flucht nach Berlin. Jüdische Displaced Persons 1945-1948, Berlin 1998 (Metropol Verlag)
    and a lot of essays on the subject. With best regards

      Dr. Juliane Wetzel wetz0154@mailbox.tu-berlin.de
      Zentrum für Antisemitismusforschung
      TU Berlin
      Ernst-Reuter-Platz 7
      D-10587 Berlin
      Tel: 030/314-21397

71) Resistance, Imprisonment, & Forced Labor: A Slovene Student in World War II (Peter Lang Publishers, 2002 and 2003). In Chapter 15, I describe the life in the DP camp "Studentenlager Hochsteingasse 37" in Graz, Austria. I thought that you may be interested in reading my account of the life there from its beginning to my departure in July 1950. The book I mention covers my war years and a few years before that. With regards, Metod M. Milac mmilac@syr.edu
Fax: 347-521-6303

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