Displaced Persons -

German DP camps O - Q:


Map, References / Sources found on intro.

Obercassel (British zone)

Oberamergau

Oberbayern

    State archive: Staatsarchiv für Oberbayern:
    Hauptstaatsarchiv V,
    Schonfeldstr. 3,
    D 8000 München 22,
    Germany

Oberlenningen

    I was able to find the site for Flanderskaserne; it was in Ulm, whatever that is, but I think it was an area that included Stuttgart. My problem is trying to figure out which DP camp I might have been sent to from there. I don't even know if my mother went with me. I have been told I lived in Oberlenningen but I don't know for how long or when. It is like a needle in a haystack. Thank you for the help. Your site is fascinating and I can't imagine the work you and others have gone to for the assembling of the site, and the pictures included really bring it to life. Rita Miller

    Olga's note: Rita has reported that she has found her mother. Isn't that great!

Obernzenn
    1/4/05 Hi Olga,
    I am researching the German D.P. Camps and I seem to be having trouble finding the ones my in-laws were at. They were at Camps Obernzenn and Raitersaich. I have their camps ID numbers and the U.N. team # as well. My husband and I are coming over to Germany and we are hoping we can see something there. My husband was born in the Hospital Camp Obernzenn, Uffenheim, Ansbach. Is there anything that you can help me with? Most appreciate this and thank you, best regards. Valerie
Oelde (5 camps - British zone)

Oerrel (Munsterlager in '47), #252, Land Niedersachsen (British zone), Poles

Ohmstede, Baltics

    9/10/07 Hello Olga.

    My name is Robin Archer and I am researching my wife’s grandmother, Olga Martinovkis. She taught English to the students at Camp Ohmstede in the late 40’s. Her husband, Otto, ran the kitchens there.

    I am trying to reach other people who lived in this camp to see if I can link up old names. Any help would be greatly appreciated.

    Many Thanks,
    Robin Archer, Brampton, Ontario rarcher9219@rogers.com

Ohrbeck (British zone)

Oldenberg, #223, #224, about 5,000 residents, mostly Balts, Latvian, Lithuanian, Poles (British zone) (today: Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen). The Lithuanians published a newspaper called, 'Buitis'.

    Stadtarchiv Oldenburg
    Damm 43
    26135 Oldenburg
    Tel: 04 41 - 2 35 26 56
    Fax: 04 41 - 2 17 92 46
    http://www.oldenburg.de/stadtarchiv/index.html

    publication in German about forced labour in Oldenburg, containing a chapter of Andreas Lembeck about DPs in Oldenburg and University of Oldenburg website

    7/17/07
    Maria Kubrek from Goldenstedt/Oldenberg appears on my father's birth certificate as a witness. If anyone has any information about this camp or this person, please write Mark Norek events@lifesanadventure.com.au

    --------------------------------------


    Sep 19, 2009
    Hello,
     
    I was tidying up some things in my house today and came across a wooden vanity case/jewelry box stamped LITHUANIAN DP CAMP UNTERMBERG (Oldenburg) 1946.  It belonged to my grandfather (born in Latvia) and he had written on the bottom of both little drawers his name (Joseph Zastar) and the name of the man I presume either made the box or gave it to him - Rakausko Jono (also a number - 737).  My grandfather came to Canada in 1929, so I know he was not at that camp, so he must have obtained the case at a later date, but I was just wondering if anyone by the name of Rakausko Jono (John Rakauskas?) might have been at that camp in 1946 .... might he have family looking for information about him?
     
    Thank You, Wendy Zubis wendyzubis@hotmail.com

Opladen / Leverkusen (British zone) Poles

Orlyk in Berchtesgaden, Bavaria.

    3/15/05 Dear Olga,
    My mother and father were at Orlyk. Below I have sent a copy of a permit issued by the camp administrator. My mother's maiden name was Olga Lawriw and married Paul Wasylewski. Both were born in Ukraine and met at the camp. Their initial destination to re-settle was Canada, but were actually tranported to Australia. It would be interesting to hear from any others that were at the same camp. Regards Peter Wasylewski / Australia

10/3/04 Hello Olga. This photo is 55+ yrs old:



Insula DP camp is at the lower left, Orlyk is in right center part. Orlyk had 2,000 Ukrainians. Orlyk barracks were returned to German government. Sincerely, Ventis Plume / Anchorage, Alaska

-------------

My father, Zenon Melnyk, spent time in DP camp Orlyk after the war.  I have a camp permit that was my father's similar to the one above.    I have a couple of other Orlyk-related documents too.

     My father was Ukrainian but born in Poland, in 1925, and while at Orlyk, I think, studied in Munich at a Ukrainian Technical Institute (if that is geographically possible).  But he never finished, and emigrated to England, where he met my mother.  Sadly he died in 1977, without ever having discussed his wartime experiences with me.  As a result, I have several documents and photos about which I know very little, though I'm guessing two or three date to the period at Orlyk. 

    By the way, one of my father's two brothers was a political prisoner at Sachsenhausen.  He survived, however, and migrated first to Belgium and then to the US, where he still lives (in Ohio).

    I'm copying Olga Kaczmar, whose site I was delighted to find, in case she's interested in this tiny sliver of history.

Sincerely yours,
Andrew Melnyk
--
Andrew Melnyk
Professor of Philosophy and Chair
Department of Philosophy
University of Missouri

Fax: (573) 884 8949
Email: MelnykA@missouri.edu

Osnabrück / Osnabrueck (Gut Klausheide in '47), #266, #267, over 8,600 residents,

Assembly Centre 269 was established in Osnabrueck, Niedersachsen, British Zone of Germany, in April 1945. (Source: Gislela Eckert, Hilfs- und Rehabilitierungsmänahmen der West-Alliierten des Zweiten Weltkrieges für Displaced Persons (DPs) dargestellt am Beispiel Niedersachsens 1945 - 1952, (Ph.D. thesis), Braunschweig 1995.) UNRRA Team 242 was there in November 1945. (Source: UN-Archives, PAG-4/3.0.11.2.0.1:13, file 497)

For regional historical information the town archives in the State Archives at Osnabrueck (Niedersüchsisches Staatsarchiv Osnabrück, Schlöstr. 29, D-49074 Osnabrueck, Germany
Tel: +49(541) 33162-0
Fax: +49(541) 33162-62
E-Mail: poststelle@staatsarchiv-os.niedersachsen.de

Today known for the Muenster-Osnabrueck International Airport on Greven's soil.

400 Jewish Yugoslav officers

University of Osnabrueck

Ossendorf, near Köln, 4000 Poles, http://www.ossendorf.de/, the archive might be in Köln,

Memories of forced worker, John Worsnop, made Commandant of Police in Ossendorf: http://polish-patriot.blogspot.com/2011/05/in-transit.html

  Click to enlarge

I am the 58 year old daughter of Aniela Gliniak who was in a DP camp in Ossendorf by the looks of these papers. She did not talk much of the WWII. It was too awful but I was able to get this piece of document that she did not throw out.

PS. I like your art work!

Best Regards,
Ms. Mary Stewart reginamarystewart@gmail.com

Gliniak Moskwa 3 Gliniak Moskwa 4
     

Osterode, #2922, Land Niedersachsen (British zone) Poles, Yugoslavs, Balts - see also Osterode under slave labor camps: Germany Slave Camps O-Q

Osterode am Harz often simply called Osterode, is a town in south-eastern Niedersachsen on the south-western edge of the Harz mountains. It is the seat of government of the district of Osterode. The town is twinned with Scarborough, in the United Kingdom. Osterode is located on the German Framework Road.

    Osterode am Harz City archive- Stadtarchiv
    http://www.stadtarchiv-osterode.archiv.net/isy.net/servlet/broadcast/page1.html

    City of Osterode: http://www.osterode.de/index.htm

    http://www.thisisharz.com/osterode.html

    On 8/20/10 Dear Olga,

    Osterode 1My mother, Judith Ilse Kovács-Zélenyansky and grandparents (Ilse Anna Emma Kovács-Zélenyansky and Andreas Kovács-Zélenyansky ) were housed in the DP camp at Osterode am Harz, as were two uncles and an aunt.  Indeed, my uncle Peter Kovács-Z was born during their stay at this camp in 1948.  I've include some pictures of the family from this time (click photo to enlarge)
    Osterode Zelenyansky:

    I’ve written to the Osterode Stadsarchiv requesting more information and would like to find more about this fascinating aspect of my mother’s life.  Even knowing the location of the camp would be interesting in the event that I ever find my way to Germany.
    Jan Gertenbach jag.gertenbach@gmail.com

    From Mary Holmes' memories - blog on Osterode http://www.webwanderers.org/2006/03/control_commission_germany_oct.html

    In 1945 in Osterode.Harz there were some camps of DPs from several nations. Therefore the Brit. office
    - 131 G.I.S. - C.B.S.R.A. Commission was established
    there in house: VILLA UHL.
    This group belongs to: Admin.Sub. Area, GOSLAR (Harz) BOAR 11. - This office Osterode was cancelled 20th June, 1950.
    Hint: German stamp collectors have written one booklet about all groups, camps with the Brit. FIELD
    POST Address. Ask me. klaus.schlincke@t-online.de

Ottmarsbocholt (British zone)

Oventrop (British zone)

Oxford (British zone) Dragahn-Dannenberg, Latvians

    City archives: Stadtarchiv Lüneburg
    Rathaus
    21335 Lüneburg
    Germany
    Phone: 49-4131-309223
    Fax: 49-4131-309586
    Email: stadtarchiv@stadt.lueneburg.de
    Web: http://www.lueneburg.de

    County archives: Kreisarchiv Landkreis Lüneburg
    Auf dem Michaeliskloster 4
    21335 Lüneburg
    Germany
    Phone: 49-4131-26-1

    Here is research in German about forced labour camps; and it says in the area Dragahn, Danneberg were forced labour camps. But the name "Oxford" was not mentioned. This is the link: http://www.zwangsarbeit-forschung.de/index.html


    Oxford camp was in Lüneburg (Lueneburg) from December 1945 (probably already before) until June 1947 or May 1948. The camp had the DPAC (Displaced Persons Assembly Centre) numbers 257 in December 1945, 2510 from December 1945 to March 1946 (and onward?), 2519 from February to June 1947. It had the DPACS number 83/2519 or simply 83 from June 1947 to May 1948.

    Dannenberg and Lueneburg are no adjacent towns. In Dannenberg also was a DP camp at least from June to September 1947 with the DPACS number 89 or 89/2510, possibly already before these dates. I have not found a name for this camp in the British national archives, so perhaps it was a second Oxford camp. IRO, International Refugees Organization, began to work only on July 1st, 1947. Until June 30, 1947 the UNRRA (United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration) took care for the DP camps. Kind regards, Wolfgang Strobel, author of Post der befreiten Zwangsarbeiter - Displaced Persons Mail Paid in Deutschland 1945 - 1949.


    G'Day Olga,
    Greetings from Laura, South Australia. The Good Book says: "Ask and you will receive, believing it to be so". I did ask, believed and your web-site came into my world. Thank you. I need your assistance please?

    I have German and Latvian copies of my birth certificates issued as No: 41, (I don't know the significance of that number) D.P. Oxford Camp 26th April 1946. Can you assist please?

    My mother remembers that we arrived in Germany in 1944. From there until we left Trieste, northern Italy on the good ship Dundalk Bay, there is a forgotten gap of just over five years.

    I have contacted the Australian Archives in Canberra about our migration records and am waiting for a reply. I trust that with your assistance and whatever information the Australian Government gleaned from my mother and father as newly arrived Displaced Persons will help fill in those gaps.

    I have witnessed the interest that three of my boys have shown in matters dealing with World War 11, so I am sure that they also would benefit from the information their father is seeking.

    With kind regards Hans Simons / Australia

Paderborn, 2 camps, #3145, #32/145, Land Niedersachsen (British zone) mostly Poles, Balts, Yugoslavs
    City archives: Stadtarchiv Paderborn
    Pontanusstrasse 55
    33102 Paderborn
    Germany
    Phone: 49-5251-881593
    Fax: 49-5251-882047
    Email: stadtarchiv@paderborn.de
    Web: http://www.archive.nrw.de/home.asp?stadta-paderborn

    Submitted by: Wolfgang Strobel, author of Post der befreiten Zwangsarbeiter - Displaced Persons Mail Paid in Deutschland 1945 - 1949, in reply to a research request:

      Apparently in Paderborn existed several barracks (Kasernen), as mentioned in the city's website www.paderborn.de in a chapter concerning Stadtentwicklung und Stadtplanung (city development and city planning).

      My lists on DP camps mostly begin in October 1945 but no doubt the camps existed before. In Paderborn at that time existed a Camp #8 with Poles, DPAC number (changing with the time) 145, or 32/145, or 24/25/3145, or 24/25. In 1947 the location in the Infanteriekaserne (= infantery barracks) is mentioned, probably concerning the same camp. This camp still existed in April 1949.

      A second camp also with Poles with the DPAC number 32/144 is listed from March to May 1946 in the Panzer Viking (tanks Viking, probably also barracks). A Panzerkaserne in Paderborn seems to exist still today. I did not find an address. So it might be a historical name officially renamed.

      I did not find on the internet any actual information on the "Infanteriekaserne". So either it does not exist any more or it has been renamed since 1949. The latter could be more likely. I found on the internet that a tram line in Paderborn going from the Hbf (Hauptbahnhof - main railway station) via Infanteriekaserne to Elsen existed until March 31, 1958.

      So it should be possible to find out with the help of the city's archives the exact location of the former DP camp.

      My book is written in German but in many aspects self explaining mainly in the lists of camps in the former British occupation zone and also by the pictures of mail, letters and cancels in the other parts of the book. It can be ordered directly with me. To the USA: $26.50 (includes shipping cost). Payment in advance in cash to my address at buyer's risk; no check and no mandate please because of the excessive bank charges.


    Dear Olga, Hello, my name is Brian Lewis, I am an American trying to find out about my grandparents' days in Germany during WW2. They were taken to Germany where my mom was born in Sept., 1943, in Paderborn, Germany. Are there any name lists that you know of that might have my grandparents name? Their last name is Zawislak. I know it's a shot in the dark, oh well, if you think there's no hope for me, please let me know at belewis19@aol.com.Thank you, Brian Lewis
Papenburg (British zone)
    Document and information website in English DIZ Emslandlager
    Wiek rechts 22
    26871 Papenburg
    Germany
    Phone: +49 - 4961 - 916306

    You may contact the DIZ by (e-mail: mail@diz-emslandlager.de) or snail mail: P. O. Box 1132, 26821 Papenburg
    Germany
    Fax: +49 - 4961 916308

Papinghausen (British zone)

Passau (US zone) has its own page.

    Russian boy scout troops

    City archives: Stadtarchiv: http://www.stadtarchiv-passau.de/
    address: Stadtarchiv Passau,
    Rathausplatz 2,
    94032 Passau,
    Postfach 2447,
    94014 Passau (Postanschrift),
    Tel: 0851/396255,
    Fax: 0851/396249

Peine #2813, Land Niedersachsen (British zone)

    Stadtarchiv Peine
    Windmühlenwall 26
    31224 Peine
    Tel: 0 51 71 - 4 95 38
    http://www.peine-online.de/stadtarchiv.cfm?rm=05981A40-2FC9-11D4-A51D009027B69DF7&cm=87557980-65BD-11D4-AB04009027B69F9A&backurl=kultur.cfm

Perdoel (Proetz in '47), Schleswig Holstein (British zone)

Petershagen (See http://www.petershagen.de/ )

9/26/10

Dear Mrs. Kaczmar, my name is Hermann Kleinebenne. I am the local mayor of
the village Petershagen at the river Weser in NW Germany. In 2008 I published
a documentation “Die Würde des Menschen ist unantastbar”. It deals with the
incidents in the Petershagen-Lahde area at the end of WW II where an education
camp had been established by the Gestapo in 1943 and where a DP camp of UNRRA
team 65 was established from 1945 – 1949. If there should be any questions
about this camp I would like to help you. Best regards, Hermann
Kleinebenne Hermann_Kleinebenne@web.de

Pirma

    refugees from Klein-Nossin
Pissau, #1235, Schleswig Holstein (British zone)

Pfaffenhofen (US zone)

    Russian boy scout troops

    REWARD:
    I am in urgent need of a photograph of my father. I will pay $25 for each photo I accept and $500 for a photo of my father, if accepted. His name is Jozef Kurek, a Polish officer. He was in Pfaffenhofen, Germany in 1945-1946. He was very tall and had blond hair and blue eyes. He was in his early 30's at the time he was in the DPcamps. The photos would have been taken in the Altenstadt and Pfaffenhofen DP camps. Please contact me at suttonall@comcast.net." Sincerely, Mari Sutton

    Olga,
    Pfaffenhofen is spelled with one "f" in the last part. It has no association with Alsace France. Here is complete address for:

      City archives: Pfaffenhofen archives
      Stadt Pfaffenhofen a.d. Ilm
      Hauptplatz 1, 85276 Pfaffenhofen a.d. Ilm

      Briefanschrift:
      Postfach 1241, 85262 Pfaffenhofen a.d. Ilm

      Email: rathaus@stadt-pfaffenhofen.de
      Tel: (08441) 78-0
      Fax: (08441) 88 07
      Website: www.pfaffenhofen.de

    Sincerely, Mari Sutton

    We visited the historic synagogue in Pfaffenhofen last summer. It was founded in the late 1700's and existed until 1940 when all the Jews were sent away. It's a beautiful little place that is in the heart of town, but difficult to find. We didn't know that there had been a DP camp there. Larry R. Weisberg

Pfarrkirchen / Eggenfelden, educated Ukrainians degreed in engineering or law (Wyman, p.119)

Pforzheim

10/14/04 Dear Ms. Kaczmar, I am a US-based producer for German television. We are working on a documentary about life in the post-war years in the American zone in southwestern Germany, in cities and towns such as Stuttgart, Ulm, Heidelberg, Heilbronn, Pforzheim, etc. I am in search of people who were Displaced Person in the region, and of American officers of the Occupation authorities and UNRRA representatives who were assigned to the area. I would be grateful if you could give me any leads. If I could get replys within 3-4 weeks, that would be great. Best wishes Konrad Ege

Pinneberg, #1234, Poles, Balts; Schleswig Holstein (British zone), website in German

    City archive: Stadtarchiv Pinneberg
    Bismarckstrasse 8
    25421 Pinneberg
    Tel: 0 41 01 - 21 12 24
    Fax: 0 41 01 - 21 14 44
    http://www.archive.schleswig-holstein.de/kreis_pinn/sapinnebe.html

    Baltic DPs, with aid from UNRRA, the Lutheran World Federation, and other groups, set up their own university at Hamburg, which was later moved to Pinneberg and renamed the DP Study Center. These students were part of a drawing class. Photo: Lutheran World Fed. & M. Wyman

    "The Baltic DP university with about 170 professors on the teaching staff and 1,200 students in eight faculties and 13 subdivisions has been running for three semester. Girl Guide and Boy Scout organizations, branches of the YMCA and YWCA and sport units have been organized. The last -named have attained outstanding results well up to international standards." Baltic Refugees and Displaced Persons, published 1947 Boreas Publishing Co. Ltd. London.

Pirmasens
    City site http://www.meinestadt.de/pirmasens/rathaus?cont=1 in German. Pimasens is leading German shoe and boot manufacturing center. Founded in the 8th cent. The city was heavily damaged in World War II.

    City archives http://www.archiverlp.de/db/de/rlp/s-ps/233/34

    Street address: Rathaus am Exerzierplatz
    66953 Pirmasens
    Post office box: Postfach 2763
    66933 Pirmasens
    Tel: 0 63 31/84 22 23
    Fax: 0 63 31/84 22 86
    Email: archiv@pirmasens.de
    Homepage: www.pirmasens.de

    Hi Olga,
    I was wondering if you could help me. I am trying to find a DP camp in Pirmasens Germany. My father has it listed on his baptismal certificate as his place of birth but I am unable to find a record of it anywhere. As his father died there I am hoping it can lead me to find out more about him. Also thank you for such an informative web site. You have done an exceptional job. Samantha randsam

    "The Group Headquarters entered Pirmasens late the night of the 23rd and here at close range saw the devastating effects of allied aerial bombing. The town of perhaps fifty thousand was practically leveled. German families were huddled together wherever they could find shelter. Others wandered in a daze through still smoking rubble Broken water mains spouted water and the smell of death was everywhere. That night the Group found a place to bivouac near a mausoleum and cemetery at the edge of town. In back of the buildings were row upon row of coffins of the unburied dead and within the mausoleum was a large room completely filled with corpses. We were glad to soon move on." WITH THE 101st CAVALRY IN WORLD WAR II 1940-1945
    http://members.tripod.com/1-101cav/ww2.html

Plattling
    3,000 trusting veterans (Ukrainians) of Gen. Vlasov's forces turned over to the Soviets (Wyman, p.68). William Sloane Coffin Jr. wrote that his role "left me a burden of guilt I am sure to carry the rest of my life." (Wyman, p.69)


Plattling Soviet DPs and POW Camp, Regensburg, Bavaria 1945 -1946
 
Submitted by: Alan Newark, Compiled 01 April 2009


     In Count Nikolai Tolstoy's book Victims of Yalta and in The Last Secret by Lord Bethell, we are told that at Plattling, near Regensburg, north of Munich and Dachau, a large number of Russians and Ukrainians, German Army volunteeers in the 2nd Division of General Vlasov's KONR, were, in February and May 1946 badly treated and forcibly repatriated to the Soviet Zone by the US Army.
     
    As Count Tolstoy, with whom I long corresponded, puts it...3000 'Russians' had been transferred to Plattling in late-1945 and were held there for several months. By February 1946 about half of these men - the figure was, says Bethell, 1800 - had been deemed liable to compulsory repatriation.
     
    At one point, believing that they were going to be deported and reacting like the large body of such men who had violently resisted deportation by the Americans at Dachau (where, on 19 January 1946, a number of Soviets fought pitched battles with US military police and committed suicide) barricaded themselves into their huts; a US Signal Corps film and camera team filmed and photographed the operation at Dachau while a photograph of a Vlasov man who had killed himself was published in Stars.and Stripes. The sudden, pre-deportation, appearance of military cameramen at Plattling, see below, rightly worried the Vlasov Army inmates of that large camp.
     
    The American commander at Plattling, says Tolstoy, managed to restore order by lying and saying that the Plattling Vlasovites - who had spent months there living quiet and safe lives - were simply being shifted to a camp further from the front line. However, the men began to worry when their usual camp guard, normally provided by the men themselves, was replaced by Americans and they were asked to complete questionnaires aboiut their past lives in Russia and in the Red Army.
     
    Had many of the men not feared their questionnaire answers falling into Soviet hands,thereby making things worse for themselves and their families back home, the Vlasovites might have told the truth about being oppressed by the Communists and therefore have saved their lives by impressing the Americans with the severity of their fears.The prisoners also often refused to supply personal information.
     
    In adition to the above, writes Bethell, Russian suspicions were greatly aroused when all non-Russians were moved away from the Regensburg complex to other camps (though a camp for SS troops remained occupied), Army photographers began taking pictures of the prisoners, the camp and the huts and a 7pm till 6am curfew was imposed.
     
    (So distressed were many of the Vlasovites that when the Greek Orthodox Metropolitan of Bavaria visited the camp many men asked for the last rites. The Metropolitan asked the authorities to show mercy and to heed the prisoners' fears. In Rome, meanwhile, the Vatican rumbled into action and the Pope announced his opposition to the Western Allies - still secret - alleged denial of asylum and human rights by signing the Stalin -demanded Yalta Agreement clauses which doomed all Soviet citizens liberated or captured by Western forces to compulsory repatriation).
     
    Soon afterwards, in the middle of the night, a column of tanks surrounded the Russian camp at Plattling and numerous American troops, wearing rubber soled shoes and carrying specially reinforced night sticks, crept into each hut while the Vlasov men were sleeping, thereby ensuring almost total surprise ( at least one Vlasov soldier, seeing the tanks approaching and the US soldiers entering the camp crept under the wire into an adjoining, non-Russian, camp).
     
    In 'The Last Secret', Lord Bethell gives a lot more detail...
     
    Of the 271 Soviet prisoners at Dachau, where US troops using billy clubs and tear gas, had to fight their way past barricades behind which a number of inmates were killing themselves, 135, including wounded on stretchers, were transferred to the Soviet Zone that day. The survivors of Dachau were sent to Plattling where their story distressed the main camp inmates. The Vlasovites asked the camp commander for guidance. He reportedly wrote and signed a letter assuring the men they had nothing to fear.
     
    At 5:45 AM on 24 February 1946, wrote Bethell, the Russians were driven out into the night, many in pyjamas and bare feet and some with blankets. They had to stand there, said one Russian survivor, in '6 degrees of frost from 6 AM till four o'clock that evening'. They were broken up into small groups and each man had two guards. A roll call was held and two long lists were later drawn up. Two large groups were formed.
     
    In the late afternoon, in groups of twelve or fifteen each, the Vlasovites were loaded onto trucks, each truck guarded by a section of military police. As the witness continued, 'The prisoners, who were were sitting or lying down on the bottom of the truck, could not see where they were being taken. It was only by the length of the journey that they were going outside the camp, and only at the railway station, when they saw the bars on the carriage windows, that they realised they were doomed. It was then that some people began to commit suicide.'
     
    As Bethell relates...according to an American report, 'in spite of the elaborate precautions taken during this transfer, five of the men succeeded in committing suicide'.
     
    So, to recap, the 1500 or so surprised Vlasov men were frog-marched to the above waiting lorries and later put on the train going into Soviet-occupied Czechoslovakia. There were no suicides in Plattling camp but there were several successful suicides and various attempted suicides before the train reached the hand-over point. Even before the American guard escorts had left the area, the Red Army began hanging Vlasovite officers, senior NCOs and others from nearby trees..
     
    Bethell identifies the Plattling convoy's hand-over point as Schonberg, north of Munich and says that on the above evening 1,590 Soviet deportees were brutally received by the Red Army.
     
    On the 13th of May, when a second batch of Soviets were also forcibly repatriated from Plattling, there was one final suicide.
     
    As Tolstoy describes them the Americans at that location were shocked, angry and ashamed that they had been party to these killings. Their shame was visible when they returned to the camp and even the SS men in one adjacent camp are said to have shouted at the Yanks for their actions.
     
    After the operation, a number of American Other Ranks and officers both junior and senior made complaints about the forcible nature of the Plattling operation. In May 1946 a further 200-300 Soviet nationals were sent East from Plattling but that deportation was to be the last compulsory, USSR-bound, 'Yalta Convoy' repatriation exercise carried out by the US Army in Germany.
     
    Alan Newark braveheart562002@yahoo.com
    Alan Newark

Pocking
    City website: http://www.meinestadt.de/pocking/rathaus

    City offices:
    Stadt Pocking
    Simbacher Str. 16, 94060 Pocking
    Tel. (08531) 709-0, Fax. (08531) 709-24

    City archives: Stadtarchiv: Heimatpfleger Dr. Sebastian Kaiser
    Rathaus, Simbacher Strasse 16
    Tel: 709-41
    Email:
    koeck_birgit@pocking.de

For some research I am doing, I am interested in posting an inquiry. Does anyone know records of a trial in the American zone of postwar Germany about a nursing who was charged with euthanasia at the DP camp at Pocking? Thanks, Susan


Pognitz

Poking (Pine City, aka Waldstadt)

    Located in the Bamberg district, Poking Pine City was the second largest DP camp in Germany after Belsen. Opened in January 1946, the camp reached its maximum of 7,645 Jewish inhabitants on October 19, 1946. It had several Talmud Torahs with more than 200 pupils, as well as a Lubavitcher and a Klausenburger Yeshiva with a combined 500 pupils. Poking Pine City's cultural department featured theaters and sports clubs. The camp closed on February 16, 1949. http://www.ushmm.org/museum/exhibit/online/dp/camp24.htm
Polching - Poles
    2/10/07
    I have now discovered that my parents met in Polching (Polish Camp) and lived in Winzer, then we were transferred to Warner Kaserne in Munich until we left for America from Bremerhaven. In your site, there is not much said for the Kaserne but it says there will be - looking forward to it. It was a very large place and there were many, many people living there. Daria (Maslihan) Bonomini email: t bono@warwick.net

Pongau


9/29/2012 Dear Olga,

Spending the last couple years collecting documents and information on my parents WW II experiences, I've compiled my story, thanks to ITS, U.S. Holocaust Museum, dpcamps.org and others. On reviewing your site recently, I've noticed others mention some of my parent's camps in Austria. [Carol inquiring about Pongau, my parents spent a few years there, my sister was born there]. 60 Years (below) tells our story in general.

On the 60 year story their liberation was by the 90th Recon as the poster shows, not an armored unit who followed handing out chocolate-loved them Americans. Mother says the German people were afraid of them but some helped.. Back to DP Camps. Mother lost a baby boy a few weeks old probably in Markt Pongau [UNRRA No. 18], are there
any records available now of births in the camps? I know many records are now becoming public [after 50 years] which is a big help. You understand when mother does talk about things she mixes them up. Old age too. I recently found another brother who died in childbirth here in the U. S. I put a marker on his grave. Don't mean to ramble but don't know
where to begin to search UNRRA or IRO records. Any help you can give would be deeply appreciated. Hope this may help others.

Sincerely yours, Dushanka Vlajic Donner davenduke@gmail.com

Olga's reply: Fill out form G639. See also US searches on address page http://www.dpcamps.org/addressesN-Z.html

    Click to enlarge photos.

    Picture of mother's workmates in Konigsee after liberation 4-11-45. Note: real shoes.  

    My parent's wedding, Gradimir Vlajic &Tasa Zubak, Aug. 12, 1945, Lehener Barricks, Salzburg, Yugoslav camp UNRRA Team 324 LAGER PUCH-AUFELD. My father, a tailor, made mother's wedding dress.

    click to enlarge

    My parents, Gradimir and Tasa Vlajic with my sister, Rada,
    June 1947 in St. Johann im Pongau, UN DP camp No.18.
      My parents, center couple, with me, baby Dushanka, & my sister

    Pongau 1

    click to enlarge

    We lived in Hellbrunn [home for expecting and new mothers then] for a few months, before moving across
    river to Glasenbach when sponsored to U.S.


    This picture of my parents, Gradimir and Tasa Vlajic in
    front of barricks probably at St. Johann im Pongau.

     

    pongau 6 click to enlarge

    Rada standing, in 1950 a few months before coming to U.S.

    60 Years

    By Dushanka Vlajic Donne

    In 1941, Germany was aggressively expanding its frontiers. In Yugoslavia, the Nazis overwhelmed the 5th Yugoslav army as they stormed toward the capital. Gradimir Vlajic and 5000 fellow soldiers were captured. Before he reached Stalag XIA in Altengrabow, Germany[50 mi. SW Berlin], on April 13th, the Nazi flag was flying over Belgrade.

    Later that year as more Germans were marching across Poland toward the Russian capitol, they seized Tasa Zubak, barely 16, along with others from her town, Letave [Khmelnts'ka], Ukraine, then near the Polish border. They, and many others were packed into boxcars and taken to Templehof, Berlin transit center for assignment to labor camps.

    POW'S generally fared better than forced laborers, being given work details, such as bomb cleanup, farm work,and later in the war, because of labor shortages, factory work. Forced laborers got their hair cut off, were issued worker ID cards, and an identifying badge of their origin to wear.

    In Tasa Zubak's case, an OST badge. A worker from the
    East. Ukrainians were considered subhuman, worthy only of being worked to death, and they were. By 1944, 10 year olds were being seized to replace ones who had died.

    Days later Vlajic returned to find Zubak. In August 1945, they traveled to Salzburg, Austria, getting married at the Lehener Barricks, Yugoslavian DP camp. [Puch-Aufeld].

    Zubak was first assigned to Mariendorf [Sachenhausen- Berlin], then others as bombardments destroyed the factories. In 1945 she met Vlajic, he being on a work detail from POW camp. Both were working at a factory in Konigsee, Thuringen [R. Stock & Co.] when the 90th Recon. Bn. attacked the town. Everybody ran. Zubak, hit by schrapnel, made her way through the smoke, over bodies and debris to hide. After securing the town, tank crews handed out chocolate to the newly-liberated laborers. The Americans also liberated nearby Buchenwald Concentration Camp and the Bad Sulza POW camp.

    In 1946 they moved south to St. Johann im Pongau DP camp. [UNRRA No. 18, formerly Stalag 18C POW camp]. Their first daughter was born there in June 1947. Passing up employment in Australia in 1949, they moved back to Salzburg DP camp Hellbrunn [von Trapp day residence], where their second daughter was born April 1950. In June they moved across the river to DP camp Glasenbach, awaiting final immigration papers, after being sponnsored to the U. S. Their final trip to Germany, took them to Munich-Riom, boarding a Trans Ocean Airline flight to New York. On August 11, 1950 they arrived in New York and traveled to their new home in Mansfield, Pa.

     

    They encountered challenges faced by all immigrants. Shopping -- if you could see it, you could buy it. If it was boxed or wrapped, it could be a suprise. But they managed. Their home language was Serbian. Alter a few years they moved to Pumpkin Hill near Roseville, Pa.

    Within the first 10 years in the U. S. they had four more children, all boys. The girls were going to school in Roseville learning a new language, English. One recalls watching and copying the other kids. Sometimes one would call us Communist, we had no idea what it meant, but the teacher would stick up for us. Gradually the girls learned English, taking it home, their father declaring it to be the home language so they could all learn it, and they reluctantly did.

    About 1957 Mrs Vlajic took on a job at the Dixie Barbecue, Elmira, to help support the family. For the next 33 years she worked along with most of her children and one granddaughter, doing waitressing, kitchen duties, and car hopping. Over the years she made many friends and earned the respect of others. This little lady from the East was not one to fool with.

    On a warm Friday nite, after closing late, cleaning up, and setting up for the next day, it was not unusual to go home as the next day dawned. A book full of memories. Her husband Gradimir died in Sept. 1982. In 1990, she put away her order pad and hung up her apron.

    In 1993 Vlajic and 3 of her children visited Ukraine and Yugoslavia. In Feb. 2001 Vlajic married Matthew 'Bud' Dooley, another WW2 veteran, a U. S. Marine, 1st Division, who was one of the nearly 1300 casualities of Sept. 15, 1944. He survived the 1st day of the assult on Peleliu in the Pacific. The month long battle was one of the most deadly for both the U.S. and Japan. Dooley was a new inspiration in her life, taking her out to eat almost daily, she loved sitting at the table, giving the order rather than taking it, silently evaluating the food and service. After all, a waitress should earn, not assume tips. And so it went till health problems slowed down her husband. With her 17 grandchildren and 13 great ones so far, 60 years has passed so fast.

    Vlajic still shovels snow as fast as it falls [doesn't get deep that way], does yardwork most every day, and has the most flowers on Pumpkin Hill. After all, she's still a worker from the East!!!

Pordöl / Pordoel (Proetz in '47) #1233

Prien

    2/15/07 Mrs. Kaczmar,
    In 1947, my father was registered here with the UNRRA under the name Konstanty Proniewicz by a Mrs. Proniewicz, who had taken him in as an orphan of unknown origin (probably Polish or Belarussian and Jewish) in 1942 and was no longer able to care for him. He was kept at the Children's Center here until being transferred to Aglasterhausen in 1947. Any information on this location would be greatly appreciated. Max Monclair, Omaha, NE
    http://maxmonclair.blogspot.com

Purten (US zone)

    Russian boy scout troops
    European Archives: http://councilforeuropeanstudies.org/resources/libraries-archives?gclid=COawguPSm8ICFVCCMgodPToARw

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