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Page 69. In German penal servitude (O. Baydachenko)
The article provides information about the conditions of labor of Ukrainian workers in Germany in contrast to the promises of German recruiting propaganda. The recruiters offered the workers employment according to skill, good living conditions and excellent wages. But in Germany all city workers were kept prisoners behind the barbed wire and in horrible living and sanitary conditions. The supervisors treated the workers from the East brutally. Many workers died from continuous under nourishment, difficult working conditions, sickness or allied bombs. The author gives many facts about the fate of the Ukrainian intelligentsia from central Ukraine and names many individuals from Kiev and Kharkiv.
AIX La Chapelle (British Zone)
Civian Workers Camp:
• Tuchfabrik Kuepper, Brabanstrasse 40 men; 40 women
• Lager Gruener Weg. 250 persons
• Garbe Lahmeyer, Juelicher Strass 191, 50 persons
• Veltrupwerke, Juelicher Strasse 342, 100 persons
• Vereingte Kratzenfabriken, Krautmuehlenweg, 50 persons
• Lager Rudolstrasse 35, 100 persons
• Derichs & Konertz, Wilbach-AAchen-Laurensberg, Oranienstrasse 47, 300 persons
• Englebert & Co. Huettenstrasse. 7, 400 person
• Waggonfabrik Talbot, Juelichstrasse 236, 145 persons
• Bahnbetriebswerk, Auslaenderlager II, 80 persons
• Arcos, Echenbergestrasse 4, 35 persons
• Brand, British zone
Prison: Gefegnis (Kal. f. Rjb.)
My name is Cliff Holland. I just came in possion of a couple photo's of my dad's that he took during the war. I was wondering if you might be able to help me identify where the were taken. I have no other information on them only that he entered Germany through the town of Aachen. I'm attaching the photo's. Thanks. Cliff Holland
Hi: I was a Capt, Company Commander in 1st Bn. 405th Inf Regt of the 102nd Inf. Div. I recognize your pictures as I have some like them . This is at Gardelegen, Germany. This buillding is not part of a camp. This is a barn out side the town. The Germans had been marching these POWS for weeks to keep them from the Russians. When they met the USA troops, they put them all in this barn with straw about a foot deep on the floor. Then they fired a very pistol into the barn and set the straw on fire. The POWs could not get out and were killed. When we opened the barn door, it was a horrible site. Bodies were 10 feet high at the door where they died trying to get out. We found them on the 18th of April 1945. Our Div Commander made all the town people go to see this sight. Made them take the bodies out of the barn as you see in your pictures and later to bury them. Best wishes. John H. Middlebrooks, LTC USA Retired, Mon, 31 Mar 2003.
Adlhausen - Krs. Rottenburg; US zone
CWC: Schmidbauer (farmer), 40-50 Polish mlen women and children
The prisoners at the Ahlem Labor Camp were initially in the Lodz (Litzmannstadt) Ghetto in Poland. From there, they were deported to the Auschwitz Concentration Camp for a short period of time, and finally sent to Hanover, Germany and the Ahlem Labor Camp.
If you know anyone who was in the Ahlem Labor Camp or their families, please contact The Documentary Institute, University of Florida, PO Box 118400, Gainesville, FL 32611 Phone: (352) 392-1501, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org or contact Roni at phone: (914) 472-0667, e-mail: email@example.com
Ahrbergen - The army ammunition depot (Bw) Ahrbergen Submitted by: Alan Newark Scotland
On July 1936 handed over the Burbach AG pit Prince Hall free of charge to the Wehrmacht, which the army ammunition depot (mine). 1937 began extensive construction in the east adjoining woodland. There was around 30 hectares, the production area of the institution. To this end, various structures have been built, including five large warehouses, ammunition workhouses, barracks and various other operational and. The building of the shaft were for the new task and expanded. 1941 could be the work finally completed.
The product range of Muna comprised mainly grenades and launchers 8 cm 10 cm tank shells.
Underground are on the 550 and the 650 m level storage chambers for been with a total capacity of 10,000 tons of ammunition created. As early as August 1938 began the storage here. During the operating period, there were various explosion accidents both underground as well as above-ground area. The most serious occurred on 28 Juni 1941. Right on the mouth hole of the shaft while two people were killed and another three were injured.
Several hundred foreign and forced laborers have been used for the construction and operation of the system. At the existing operating areas adjacent barracks have been erected for the accommodation. It should have passed three separate storage areas.
On 9 April 1945 conquered associations of the U.S. Army occupied the area around Ahrbergen and also the ammunition depot.
Aichach - Krs. Aichach; US zone
Prison: Frauenstraf- Und Verwahrungsanstalt (women's penitenary and custody); held 3,000 inmates
Ainring - Krs. Laufen; US zone
CWC: of the "Annahuette", armament factory 600 men and 550 women; 1940-1945
Alderney - German Occupation of Guernsey
"In the tradition of the island, many Guernseymen were already serving in HM forces in Europe and many more islanders (around 17,000 including hundreds of schoolchildren) had been evacuated to the north of England in the preceeding weeks. But over half of the population (25,000) decided to stay and face whatever came their way. Around 2,000 of those were later to find themselves imprisoned in Germany. The entire population of Alderney was evacuated and there sprung up three slave labour camps and an S.S. Concentration camp." Excerpt from: http://www.islandlife.org/occupation.htm
Allach - Krs. Dachau; US zone
CC.kdo of Dachau first mentioned 17.5.44 average 3850 prisoners, working on the following projects:
Amt WI , Porzellanfabrik, average 50- prisoners
BMW "Bau" construction, and
BMW "Fertigung" proudction, average 3800 prisoners
OT Lager Allach - Karlsfeld , see Karlsfeld
OT Lager Rothschwaige, see Rothschwaige
OT Bau Allach, see Rothschweige
Altdorf - Krs. Landshut, US zone
CWC: 210 Russian men, women and children, worked in agriculture andon an electrical plant;
Altdorf - Krs. Hilpolstein, US zone
Amberg - Krs. Amberg ; US Zone
CWC: Luitpoldhuettel; until 1945 - 150 persons
KZ - Lager und Friedhöfe, an incident at Ampfing
Annaburg - Krs. Torgau, Russian zone
CC Kdo. of Buchenwald. Established on 8.1.45 when a transport of 100 prisoners was transferred from Kdo. Siebel-Werke Halle/ S. Lager Birkhahn. On 16.3.45 the Kdo. was closed and 94 pisoners were sent back to Buchenwad, Block 57.
Ansbach - Krs. Donauwoerth, US zone
CC K.do of Dachau , see Baeumenheim.
CC Kdo. of Flossenbuerg: Arbeitslager Ansbach, Mittelfranken, Reichsbahn (railroad). On 13.3.45 500 prisoners transferred to Arbeitslager Ansbach. The Kdo. was working for the railroad. The prisoners were billeted at Schlacht- und Viehhof-Retzethalle, Ansbach, Eyeberstrasse 6.
In the Ansbach Railway records there were also the name SS Sonder Kdo. Einsatztrelle. Prisoners were of various nationalities.
At the end of March, the Kdo. was closed. See UNNRA document for Bavaria.
CWC: Reichsbahn, 150 Russians
CWC: Alu-Were Neuernberg
Arbeitsdorf - Labour Camp April 8, 1942-October 11, 1942 - no subcamps
estimted number of deaths 600
Atting - Krs. Straubing; US zone
forced labour camp of the RAD, working on the Laberdamm
Aubing-Neu - Krs. Meunchen; US zone
CC.Kdo of Dachau, see Germering
CC kdo of Dachau: Kdo "Augsburg" was established on 4/24/1942, 4 prisons, closed on 7/28/1942
The following is my grandmother's story. She was born in (or near) Ternopil, Poland (pre-WWII) in what is today western Ukraine. My grandmother was forcibly taken from her home by the German army at the start of WWII. She was born in 1913, so she would have been around 25 years old when this tragedy occurred! She was forced to work at a labour camp somewhere in Germany under the most abominable, deplorable conditions imaginable for the next 6 to 7 years of her life. Many "inmates" did not survive the camp.
The irony of this story is that one person who treated her with respect and love during this horrific period was a German guard at the labour camp! A family source reluctantly told me that they were in love. Apparently, this unnamed guard risked his life to secretly feed, cloth and care for many of the inmates, which not only included Poles, but also Ukrainians, Jews and Gypsies. Another family source informed me that my grandmother was also involved with helping Jewish inmates escape the camp. Whether all this is fact or fiction remains to be learned. My mother, Theresa, was born of this relationship after the war in 1945. Sadly, my grandfather was executed (shot) shortly after my mother was born for stealing food to feed his family! Survivors on my mother's side of the family either do not have any information, or more likely, are keeping this "embarassing" chapter of my grandmother's hard life a secret. This resistance has made me even more steadfast in learning more about him. I recently contacted the Augsburg registry office (Standesamt Augsburg) for my mother's papers. Unfortunately, there's no mention of my grandfather's name in any of the documents.
Thank you very kindly. John, Canada
Auschwitz - Birkenau - has it own page - located in Poland, April 1940-January 1945; See also http://www.auschwitz-muzeum.oswiecim.pl
Auschwitz was the concentration camp and extermination camp; estimated number of prisoners 400,000; est. deaths 1,100,000 to 1,500,000
Birkenau was the death camp
Nadia, a Ukrainian, writes about her experiences in a slave labor camp
"We had to stand in line to get our daily bread along with our coffee. The bread was around 200 grams and black...We were given a small aluminum bowl where they poured our coffee into and a large spoon to drink the coffee with. Along with our bread, they gave us a small cube of margarine. The bowl and spoon were our one and only worldly possessions...We had to take our eating utensils with us because we needed them at lunchtime when it was served at the work site. The soup they served us was utterly digusting. It was a cabbage soup and floating on top were worms. We had a difficult time eating it and one of the girls stood up to protest...She held up the worm and said,
"You expect us to eat this slop with worms in it?"
"You should be so grateful," he says, "when I was in the Russian prisons in the first World War, I had it worse than you. I didn't even have a worm to eat. At least you've got a worm not to mention soup." ...[When assigned to peel vegetables,] we craved to have some of these vegetables but weren't allowed. I'd be wearing my big jacket as it was already cold outside....I'd look around and thought to myself is it worth the risk getting caught taking a vegetable. [The penalty was being moved to Buchenwald concentration camp.] I kept a watchful eye on the guard. When she wasn't looking, I quickly grabbed a carrot and put it in my pocket...I managed to swipe some turnips along the way to the fields as we walked through."
For more, read "A Life of Hope, Memoirs of Nadia the Survivor" by Peter Anton, ISBN 0-9736966-0-5
Life after slavery:
...when I would come to visit, she was always happy to see me because she could always talk me into cooking for her. I hate to cook and I hated to work around my mother. My mother learned discipline from the Nazi guards in the concentration camps. She expected you to follow orders and she expected you to do it right. There was no screwing up allowed around her. If you did, she would freeze you out, turn her sarcasm against you. Call you a baby or a fool. Tell you that you're a college professor and still you can't boil a stinking egg! John Guzlowski firstname.lastname@example.org
German Soldiers Come to My Mother’s Village
On their knees, and one by one, each man
and woman, each child, is shot and falls
backward without a sound into the mud
like an iron rod. God doesn’t love these people.